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Tag Archives: quadratic residues
Quadratic Residues – Part IV (Applications)
Let p be an odd prime and g be a primitive root modulo p. Given any a which is not a multiple of p, we can write for some r. We mentioned at the end of the last section that a is a square if … Continue reading
Quadratic Residues – Part III
Ok, here’s the third installation. Getting a little tired of repeatedly saying “a is/isn’t a square mod p“, we introduce a new notation. Definition. Let p be an odd prime and a be an integer coprime to p. The Legendre symbol … Continue reading
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Tagged intermediate, legendre symbol, notes, number theory, quadratic residues
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Quadratic Residues – Part II
Recall what we’re trying to do here: to show that if p > 2 is prime and a is not a square modulo p, then . As mentioned at the end of the previous part, we will need… Primitive Roots Again, let … Continue reading
Quadratic Residues – Part I
[ Background required : modular arithmetic. Seriously. ] Warning: many of the proofs for theorems will be omitted in this set of notes, due to the length of the proofs. The basic question we’re trying to answer in this series … Continue reading